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[1]王楼,刘晓宁,李彦敏,等.疏水性聚氨酯泡沫的吸油性能及其连续吸油装置的设计[J].南京工业大学学报(自然科学版),2015,37(03):103-108.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1671-7627.2015.03.019]
 WANG Lou,LIU Xiaoning,LI Yanmin,et al.Oil absorption properties of hydrophobic polyurethane foam and design of continuous oil absorber[J].Journal of NANJING TECH UNIVERSITY(NATURAL SCIENCE EDITION),2015,37(03):103-108.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1671-7627.2015.03.019]
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疏水性聚氨酯泡沫的吸油性能及其连续吸油装置的设计()
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《南京工业大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1671-7627/CN:32-1670/N]

卷:
37
期数:
2015年03期
页码:
103-108
栏目:
出版日期:
2015-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Oil absorption properties of hydrophobic polyurethane foam and design of continuous oil absorber
文章编号:
1671-7627(2015)03-0103-06
作者:
王楼1刘晓宁1李彦敏1徐炎华2魏荣卿1郑涛3
1.南京工业大学 生物与制药工程学院,江苏 南京 211800; 2.南京工业大学 环境学院,江苏 南京 211800; 3.南京工业大学 生物能源研究所,江苏 南京 211800
Author(s):
WANG Lou1LIU Xiaoning1LI Yanmin1XU Yanhua2WEI Rongqing1ZHENG Tao3
1.College of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering,Nanjing Tech University,Nanjing 211800,China; 2.College of Environment,Nanjing Tech University,Nanjing 211800,China; 3.Bioenergy Research Institute,Nanjing Tech University,Nanjing 211800,China
关键词:
疏水性聚四氢呋喃聚氨酯 快速溢油处理装置 快速吸油材料 溢油事故 连续化处理
Keywords:
hydrophobic poly(tetrahydrofuran)polyurethane rapid spill processing device rapid oil absorption materials oil spills continuous treatment
分类号:
TQ328.1
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1671-7627.2015.03.019
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
研究交联剂三乙醇胺和催化剂辛酸亚锡的用量对合成的疏水性聚四氢呋喃(聚醚)聚氨酯(PU-PTHF)泡沫快速吸油材料吸油率的影响,考察PU-PTHF对多种油品的吸附作用及在振荡混合的柴油-水体系中对柴油的选择性吸附和重复使用性。结果表明:当三乙醇胺和辛酸亚锡的用量分别为2.1~2.6份和0.24份,且m(聚四氢呋喃三元醇(PTHF-T,Mw≈4 400)):m(聚氧化丙烯三元醇(PPO-T,Mw≈4 400)):m(有机硅油):m(水):m(三乙烯二胺):m(甲苯二异氰酸酯(TDI))=15:85:1.5:5.0:0.8:40时,其吸油性能最佳; 对油品的吸油率分别为:四氯化碳69.1 g/g、二甲苯51.1 g/g、甲苯50.5 g/g和柴油29.8 g/g; 在振荡混合的柴油-水体系中具有较好的油-水选择吸附性,对柴油的吸油率仍达到29.5 g/g,重复10次吸油率仍无改变。值得强调的是该材料具有快速吸油的特点,3~5 min内即可达到吸油平衡,0.5 min内可达到饱和吸附量的95%。在上述性能的基础上,设计出一种连续可升降履带式快速溢油处理装置。该装置将上述快速吸油材料包覆在连续可升降履带上可实现对水面溢油事故的连续化处理。
Abstract:
The effects of the dosage of triethanolamine and stannous octoate on the oil adsorption capacity of hydrophobic poly(tetrahydrofuran)polyurethane(PU-PTHF)foam were investigated and the adsorption performance of PU-PTHF in various oil systems was studied.The selective adsorption ability to diesel and reusability of PU-PTHF was investigated in mixed diesel-water system.Results showed that the oil adsorption capacity was optimal when 2.1-2.6 portion triethanolamine and 0.24 portion stannous octoate were used,and the mass ratio of PTHF-T(Mw≈4 400),PPO-T(Mw≈4 400),silicone oil,deionized water,triethylene diamine and toluene diisocyanate(TDI)was equal to 15:85:1.5:5.0:0.8:40.The oil adsorption capacity of the PU-PTHF reached up to 69.1 g/g for carbon tetrachloride,51.1 g/g for dimethyl benzene,50.5 g/g for toluene and 29.8 g/g for diesel oil.In oscillation mixed diesel-water system,the PU-PTHF had a better selective adsorption ability to diesel. And the oil adsorption capacity could reach to 29.5 g/g and the oil adsorption capacity maintained constant after being repeatedly used for 10 cycles.It was worth to emphasize that this material could reach adsorption equilibrium in 3-5 min and obtain 95% of oil adsorption capacity in the first 0.5 min.Based on excellent properties of the adsorption material,a lifting track type spill control adsorber was designed for oil spill cleaning.The rapid oil adsorption materials were coated on the lifting track and could achieve continuous adsorption of oil spill on the water surface.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-04-01
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2013CB733504); 国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)(2012AA021203)
作者简介:王楼(1989—),男,湖北荆州人,硕士生,主要研究方向为功能高分子; 刘晓宁(联系人),教授,E-mail:xiaoningliu@163.com; 郑涛(联系人),教授,E-mail:hellozheng@gmail.com.
引用本文:王楼,刘晓宁,李彦敏,等.疏水性聚氨酯泡沫的吸油性能及其连续吸油装置的设计[J].南京工业大学学报:自然科学版,2015,37(3):103-108..
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-05-20